History Podcasts

USS Sheliak - History

USS Sheliak - History

Sheliak

(AKA-62: dp. 6,715, 1. 459'29"; b. 63', dr. 26'4"; s. 16.5 k.; cpl. 399, a. 1 5", 8 40mm., 18 20mm.; cl.Andromeda; T. C2-S-B1)

Sheliak (AKA-62) was laid down On 19 June 1944 under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 214) by the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., Kearny N.J.; launched on 17 October 1944, sponsored by Mrs. Nellie Blanch Regan, and commissioned on 1 December 1944, Comdr. Searcy V. Lowery, USCG, in command.

Sheliak arrived in Hampton Roads on 14 December 1944 and underwent shakedown training there from 15 to 21 December. After repairs at Norfolk, she arrived at Bayonne, N.J., on 28 December to load cargo for the Pacific. Departing Bayonne on 4 January 1945 Sheliak delivered her cargo to Pearl Harbor on 25 January. From 2 to 5 February, she underwent training at Pearl Harbor; and, from 5 to 13 February, she received 1,827 tons of Tenth Army equipment, plus other cargo and 201 troops. Departing Pearl Harbor on 15 February, Sheliak arrived at Tulagi on 25 February and underwent pre-invasion training there. Departing Tulagi on the 15th of March, she arrived at Ulithi on the 21st and sailed from there for the Okinawa invasion on the 27th of March. Sheliak arrived off the beach at Okinawa on 1 April, and, for the first seven days, provided cargo on call to troops ashore. After general unloading was ordered, she put the Tenth Army cargo ashore between 8 and 17 April. During these operations, she splashed one Japanese aircraft on 15 April.

Sheliak departed Okinawa on 19 April, and, sailing via Ulithi and Pearl, arrived at San Francisco on 14 May. There, her crew altered her cargo spaces to carry ammunition; and, between 28 May and 5 July, she made two round-trips carrying ammunition from Port Chicago, Calif., to Pearl Harbor. She was unloading her third cargo of ammunition at Pearl Harbor when the Pacific War ended, and she returned the ammunition still on board to San Francisco. On 1 October, the cargo ship delivered 18 landing craft to Monterey, Calif., and on 15 October, she sailed from San Francisco with general cargo and passengers for various Pacific bases. She called at Pearl Harbor. Manus, Samar, Subic Bay. and Guam before returning to San Francisco on 22 February 1946. On 15 March. she sailed from San Francisco and arrived at Norfolk, Va.., on 3 April for deactivation. Sheliak was decommissioned on 10 May 1946, transferred to the War Shipping Administration the following day, and struck from the Navy list on 21 May. Sold into mercantile service as SS Pioneer Isle in 1948, she was renamed Australian Isle in 1965 and Transluna in 1969 before being scrapped later that year.

Sheliak received one battle star for her World War II service.


Sheliak Corporate

The Sheliak Corporate was the official governing body of the Sheliak.

In 2255, the Sheliak Corporate was involved in a brief conflict with the United Federation of Planets. Eventually, the conflict was resolved with the signing of the Treaty of Armens. Obtaining the treaty was a difficult process, as the Sheliaks' noted value of precision made the treaty long and complicated, and meant that a large team of Federation representatives had to oversee the signing of the treaty. (TNG episode: "The Ensigns of Command")

Territory of the Breen Confederacy resided near the Sheliak. This was a source of conflict between the two empires. (TNG novel: The Buried Age)

In 2366, a dispute broke out between the Federation and the Sheliak, when the Sheliak discovered Federation colonists living on Tau Cygna V, a planet which they wished to colonize. By the terms of the treaty, the Sheliak reserved the right to demand the removal of the colonists. Eventually, the matter was resolved by the crew of the USS Enterprise-D, and the colonists were removed. (TNG episode: "The Ensigns of Command")

A Sheliak was along representatives of many Alpha and Beta Quadrant powers gathered to help create and deliver the Temporal Defense Grid entirely in secret by the 25th century. (DTI novel: Watching the Clock)

Lieutenant Nog was able to procure shield modulator technology for the Sheliak designed to improve shield efficiency against radiation. It was deployed on the evacuation fleet sent to Europa Nova during the Gateways Crisis. (DS9 novel: Demons of Air and Darkness)


Star Trek: Renaissance Technical Manual, Appendix A

In the last three decades of the 24th century, the face of Starfleet has changed drastically. From the brutal conflicts with the Borg and the Dominion to the treasure trove of scientific data collected by the USS Voyager in the Delta Quadrant, Starfleet has been forced to adapt to these changing times. The new Rapid Reaction Force starships represent the cutting edge of Federation technology, but this hardly renders previous classes of starship obsolete. Indeed, even allowing for accelerated production of slipstream-capable starships, vessels with those capabilities will certainly remain in the minority for the next twenty years or more. Starfleet has no plans to prematurely retire any existing starships that are in acceptable condition they will only be retired when they reach the end of their normal hull life.

The following list covers the most prominent classes of starship which have been launched since the end of the Dominion War in 2375. Older designs, including the Sovereign, Akira, and Prometheus classes, have been covered in previous references and are not included here.

Author’s Note: Statistics for most of the following ships are not definitive, because these ships have not been realized as 3D models yet (or are not even drawn). The general purpose and backgrounds of these ships will remain the same however, some changes will be made as the series develops.

A.1: Front Line Starships

Pelagic-class Explorer

Following in the footsteps of such revered names as Lancaster, Constitution, Excelsior, and Galaxy, the Pelagic-class starship was pioneer of the next generation of Starfleet technology. Incorporating numerous advances made in the previous 20 years, the Pelagic quickly became the primary workhorse of the fleet after its launch in 2382, and became the archetype for other contemporary designs.

Although primarily designed as an explorer in the tradition of the Galaxy class,like their predecessors during the Dominion War the Pelagics were pressed into the role of heavy cruisers in the fight against the Sheliak. They served adequately in this position, being equipped with reasonably effective offensive and defensive systems but as the Galaxy-class ships had been at a disadvantage against the Jem’Hadar, so were the Pelagics against the Sheliak. Nevertheless, numerous class ships earned their reputations during this conflict, most notably the USS Enterprise-F under James Winter and the USS Caesar under Elizabeth Delfune.

Despite its apparent shortcomings on the battlefield—which have been contested by several vocal groups within Starfleet—the Pelagic class became the premiere starship of its time, and has sometimes been called “the Goddess of the stars.” Apart from its combat actions, many starships took part in the most notable scientific and exploration missions in the past 20 years, including the first Starfleet surveys of the Gamma Quadrant following the Dominion War, the observance of the Sandstrom supernova, and First Contact with the Anait’sirhc race in 2388.

Today, the Pelagic-class is slowly being preempted in the front-line roles by the new Phoenix-class heavy cruiser, whose slipstream drive capabilities and enhanced combat systems offer large advantages in both exploratory and defensive roles. However, the Pelagic remains on the front lines in significant numbers, and is expected to continue in limited production for several more years.

Dimensions: Length, 756.62 meters Beam, 259.38 meters Draft, 107.01 meters Decks, 27

Mass: 3,960,000 metric tons

Accommodation: 45 officers 462 enlisted 150 civilians 11,500 person evacuation limit

Power Plant: One 4,500+ Cochrane quantum induction core feeding two nacelles 4 Class-VII impulse fusion reaction chambers

Performance: 6,580 m/s² (sublight) Warp 8 (cruise) Warp 9.9 (maximum) Warp 9.95 for 30 hours (burst)

Armament: 15 Type-12 phaser arrays 1 Class-VIa rapid-fire torpedo turret 4 Class-VI burst-fire torpedo launchers 350 quantum torpedoes 4 transphasic torpedoes

Defenses: Regenerative shields (6.3 exajoules) Deployable ablative hull armor (25 centimeters)

Pelagic design and background created by Chris Edmonds and AJ.

Martel-class Heavy Cruiser

Just as Starfleet has traditionally fielded a prominent explorer-type starship as the premiere of the fleet, it has usually developed a slightly modified version of that design to serve as a heavy cruiser with similar abilities yet a simpler construction period. Like the Miranda and the Constitution, or the Nebula and the Galaxy, the Martel-class heavy cruiser is a derivative of the Pelagic-class explorer to serve as the primary workhorse in the Federation’s frontier sectors.

However, reflecting Starfleet’s increasing focus on defense roles in the years following the Dominion War, the Martel was designed primarily as a patrol and defense cruiser to anchor the deployments of lighter ships along the border. Due to the need for heavier ships along the front lines in the Sheliak War after 2385, Starfleet all but abandoned any exploratory programs for non-dedicated explorer vessels, and assigned them more and more in the combat arena.

Today, the Martel class forms the backbone of the Federation’s border patrol force and internal defense fleets. Ironically, the Martel may be the one type of ship that will not be immediately usurped by the newer slipstream-capable Rapid Reaction Force starships, led by the Phoenix-class heavy cruiser. Because of its defensive orientation and and smaller emphasis on high FTL speeds, its niche allows it to retain its full usefulness while the more offensive-oriented starships are superseded by the Phoenix and the Scimitar. It is expected that the Martel will remain the an important part of Starfleet’s combat task forces for the next ten or fifteen years.

Dimensions: Length, 581.17 meters Beam, 318.36 meters Draft, 101.92 meters Decks, 24

Mass: 2,910,000 metric tons

Accommodation: 42 officers 383 enlisted 100 civilians 8,900 person evacuation limit

Power Plant: One 4,500+ Cochrane quantum induction core feeding two nacelles 4 Class-VII impulse fusion reaction chambers

Performance: 6,820 m/s² (sublight) Warp 8 (cruise) Warp 9.9 (maximum) Warp 9.95 for 30 hours (burst)

Armament: 12 Type-12 phaser arrays 1 Class-VIa rapid-fire torpedo turret 4 Class-VI burst-fire torpedo launchers 600 quantum torpedoes 4 transphasic torpedoes

Defenses: Regenerative shields (6.3 exajoules) Deployable ablative hull armor (25 centimeters)

Joan of Arc-class Long-Range Explorer

With its origins in the Galaxy-class program of the mid-24th century, the Joan of Arc-class starship is Starfleet’s longest-range vessel not equipped with a slipstream drive system. Although the enormous Galaxy-class ships could explore more territory in less time than any extant vessel, the ships were incredibly expensive in terms of metals, manpower, and construction times. With the current trend toward larger and larger vessels with more and more centralized capability, analysts predicted that the next class of exploration starship would be so large and so expensive that even the Federation economy might not be able to support them in any numbers. The only option, therefore, was to produce smaller and more mission-specific designs. The first of these was the Intrepid-class scout ship first fielded in the early 2370s. With the Sovereign-class redesigned primarily as the Federation president’s “Big Stick,” any new exploration vessel would need to focus more on scientific capabilities than on patrolling the borders. This, and continually advancing technologies, allowed ASDB to shrink the necessary systems and supplies for a long-range mission into smaller and smaller hulls. By 2382, the first new vessel, the USS Joan of Arc, was laid down, and entered service a year later. Most ships in the class were built after 2386, however.

Thanks to a radically redesigned warp nacelle that allows extended, highly efficient operations at speeds exceeding warp 9.9, the Joan of Arc class can perform independent operations for up to six years at a time. These long deployments require ship crews to make many personal sacrifices in the interest of exploration. Even today, service on a Joan of Arc is a sought-after, but strictly voluntary assignment. The original production run of Joan of Arc-class ships carried no families, and only a minimum crew of 120–a scant one tenth of the manpower needed to operate a Galaxy-class ship. Despite their small crews, enhanced automation capability allows the latest Joan of Arc-class vessels to perform more exploratory functions than two of the Galaxy-class monsters they were designed to replace. Although her diplomatic facilities are state-of-the-art, the Joan of Arc is understood to be foremost a First Contact vessel, and therefore carries sufficient weaponry to defend herself against species who prefer “gunboat diplomacy.”

Production of the Joan of Arc class continues today, as the ships have become a vital supplement to the larger explorers like the Pelagic class. Exploration by the Joan of Arc class has resulted in thirty First Contacts and the thorough cataloguing of literally hundreds of star systems. Unlike most starships, this unique class has almost never been drafted into service in a role for which it was never designed, a testament to the designers’ foresight and the ships’ proficiency in their intended role.

Type: Long-range Explorer

Dimensions: Length, XXX meters Beam, XXX meters Draft, XXX meters Decks, XX

Mass: XXX,000 metric tons

Accommodation: 25 officers 95 enlisted 5,400 person evacuation limit

Power Plant: One 3,500+ Cochrane quantum induction core feeding two nacelles 2 Class-VII impulse fusion reaction chambers

Performance: 5,940 m/s² (sublight) Warp 7 (cruise) Warp 9.7 (maximum) Warp 9.99 for 96 hours (burst)

Armament: 8 Type-11 phaser arrays 3 Class-VI burst-fire torpedo launchers 300 quantum torpedoes

Defenses: Regenerative shields (6.5 exajoules) Deployable ablative hull armor (18.5 centimeters)

Joan of Arc design and history created by AJ.

Churchill-class Destroyer

The Churchill-class destroyer is an oddity in Starfleet. It was originally designed in the late 2380’s during the Sheliak War to be the first starship capable of traveling at slipstream velocities—a testbed for the technologies that would be incorporated into the larger Phoenix-class heavy cruiser. However, when the slipstream drive proved to be more complicated to develop than anticipated, the ASDB was left with a starship that had no propulsion system ready to be installed. Therefore, a standard warp drive system was installed instead.

Because its hull profile was originally designed to sustain the extreme velocities of the quantum slipstream, the Churchill has superb performance at standard warp speeds, matching the burst warp speeds of the later Rapid Reaction Force vessel designs, thus making it an ideal platform for long-range strike and patrol missions. After entering service in 2392, the Churchill saw action in several battles of the Sheliak War. Since then, it has functioned primarily as a light patrol cruiser along the Federation’s outer borders.

Dimensions: Length, 253.74 meters Beam, 143.52 meters Draft, 52.53 meters Decks, 9

Mass: 460,000 metric tons

Accommodation: 11 officers 85 enlisted 610 person evacuation limit

Power Plant: One 7,500+ Cochrane warp core feeding two nacelles 2 Class-IX impulse fusion reaction chambers

Performance: 8,350 m/s² (sublight) Warp 9.2 (cruise) Warp 9.98 (maximum) Warp 9.9905 for 36 hours (burst)

Armament: 7 Type-12 phaser arrays 3 Class-VI burst-fire torpedo launchers 120 quantum torpedoes 4 transphasic torpedoes

Defenses: Regenerative shields (4.9 exajoules) Ablative hull armor (15 centimeters)

Ark Royal-class Frigate

During the Dominion War, the majority of the fleet was filled out by Excelsior and Miranda-class starships, very aged ships relative to what Starfleet’s latest consisted of. The war took a staggering toll on their numbers, rendering over 60% of the ships of these classes either destroyed or unsalvageable. Starfleet’s numbers were thinned due to this culling, and needed to rebuild its numbers fast. Starfleet consulted its Advanced Starship Design Bureau to design an easily built replacement ship that can be constructed within eight months to restore its numbers.

The ASDB had little over a year to yield a design that met specifications, but they persevered and produced a starship with a rather odd hull configuration: the nacelles were merged into the saucer. However, it met both the paramount requirements of having the advanced technical refinements of the time, such as ablative armor, quantum torpedo capability, Bioneural computer hardware, and advanced warp field geometry, and also being easy to construct. They then dubbed the ship class Ark Royal, after the name that almost all flagships of the British Royal Navy carried.

The Ark Royal remains the preeminent workhorse ship of the fleet, just as the Excelsior and Miranda classes it was designed to replace. Its native quantum torpedo capability also meant no retrofitting to the torpedo weaponry was needed when Starfleet switched over to using solely quantum torpedoes for standard torpedo armament a great foresight on ASDB’s part.

Dimensions: Length, 402.08 meters Beam, 140.74 meters Draft, 84.21 meters Decks, 20

Mass: 940,000 metric tons

Accommodation: 38 officers 340 enlisted 1,600 person evacuation limit

Power Plant: One 3,250+ Cochrane quantum induction core feeding two nacelles 4 Class-VII impulse fusion reaction chambers

Performance: 5,940 m/s² (sublight) Warp 7 (cruise) Warp 9.7 (maximum) Warp 9.92 for 30 hours (burst)

Armament: 7 Type-10 phaser arrays 1 Class-VIa rapid-fire torpedo turret 1 Class-VI burst-fire torpedo launcher 220 quantum torpedoes 4 transphasic torpedoes

Defenses: Regenerative shields (5.2 exajoules) Deployable ablative hull armor (15.75 centimeters)

Nighthawk-class Light Cruiser

During the Dominion War, Starfleet wished to strike deep within Dominion territory, to disrupt their logistical lines. However, due to their very comprehensive detection systems, the only way to remain undetected during the long journey was to hijack a Jem’Hadar ship, which proved very hard to do. Despite the constraints in the Treaty of Algeron, Starfleet R&D simply worked around the problem in making a stealth system for a Starfleet ship. In the end, the low-observability systems developed in the Nighthawk project paid off, though the prototype arrivedtoo late for the Dominion War.

The Nighthawk class employs a remarkable two-layer system to avoid detection. First, it uses several special low-power chronoton field emitters, essentially “poor man’s cloaking devices”, to mask the ship from sensors. At a passing glance, a sensor scan would go right over it. In the event that they manage to arouse some attention, the second system is brought online: a silicon-based biological compound on the hull that mimics the surrounding colors and lights with remarkable accuracy. Coupled with its augmented long range sensor array, the Nighthawk could see almost anything without being detected itself.

Though it never saw action in the Dominion War, it did see action extensively in the Sheliak War. By that time, the Nighthawk and her sister ships had been refitted with second-generation low-observability systems, and had their phaser arrays upgraded to Type-12 strength as well. They proved to be invaluable assets, as the Nighthawk and her sister ships often went marauding through the Sheliak logistical network, wreaking havoc with surprise attacks.

Dimensions: Length, 332.48 meters Beam, 275.12 meters Draft, 63.88 meters Decks, 16

Mass: 1,880,000 metric tons

Accommodation: 23 officers 237 enlisted 1,250 person evacuation limit

Power Plant: One 3,500+ Cochrane quantum induction core feeding two nacelles 2 Class-VI impulse fusion reaction chambers

Performance: 7,320 m/s² (sublight) Warp 8 (cruise) Warp 9.7 (maximum) Warp 9.99 for 36 hours (burst)

Armament: 9 Type-12 phaser arrays 1 Class-VIa rapid-fire torpedo turret 1 Class-VI burst-fire torpedo launcher 180 quantum torpedoes 4 transphasic torpedoes

Defenses: Regenerative shields (5.1 exajoules) Deployable ablative hull armor (10 centimeters)

A.2: Auxiliary Craft

Nile-class Runabout

After Starfleet introduced the USS Danube, the first truly interstellar "runabout" type starship, in 2368, the small-but-versatile craft quickly came into high demand on many of the far-flung stations and starbases of the Federation. The Danube offered all the flexibility and options of a short-range starship, yet requiring little more resources than a shuttlecraft in terms of support and maintenance.

The Danube was frequently called into service as a short-range reconnaissance or covert operations craft during the Dominion War, being well-suited for such intelligence missions thanks to its small sensor profile. However, the ship’s outfit and spaceframe was optimized more for noncombat operations, especially scientific missions. The Nile was designed primarily as a multipurpose, combat-oriented craft that could serve as a small fleet support unit, a short-range patrol ship, or a covert operations vessel. It served very successfully during the Sheliak War in most of the fiercest theaters of action. Today, it is slowly being replaced by the new Mississippi-class runabout. However, it still remains relatively common.

Type: Multipurpose Light Interstellar Transport

Dimensions: Length, XXX meters Beam, XXX meters Draft, XXX meters

Mass: XXX metric tons

Accommodation: 1 to 4 flight crew 32 person evacuation limit

Power Plant: One 950+ Cochrane M/AM reactor feeding two nacelles 2 Class-V impulse fusion reaction chambers

Performance: 11,200 m/s² (sublight) Warp 6 (cruise) Warp 8.3 (maximum) Warp 8.9 for 24 hours (burst)

Armament: 5 Type-6 phaser arrays 2 Class-IV microtorpedo launchers 30 quantum microtorpedoes

Defenses: Regenerative shields (2.15 exajoules) Deployable ablative hull armor (5.8 centimeters)

Type-19 Shuttlecraft

The Type-19 heavy shuttlecraft was a common sight on many starships for more than 15 years. Designed as a heavy-duty cargo transport, the Type-19 became popular in those mission profiles where a great deal of equipment or personnel are needed. However, this shuttle has fallen out of favor in recent years, as relatively few missions require its massive payload capacities, which can be served almost as well by two standard-size shuttles. Only a few shuttles of this type are in service now, although they are occasionally sighted in some of the busiest outposts of the Federation.

Type Medium long-range interstellar shuttle

Dimensions: Length, XXX meters Beam, XXX meters Draft, 4XXX meters

Mass: 78.5 metric tonnes (unloaded, 120 mT loaded)

Accommodation: 2 flight crew 12 passengers

Power Plant: 1 Model 3DV M/AM reactor 6 Class-5 microfusion reactors 6-liter Sarium Krellide fuel cell

Performance: Warp 6 (sustained) 10,800 km/s² (full impulse in 8.7 seconds)

Armament: 2 Type-5 phaser emitters

Defenses: Standard shields (50,500 terajoules) Deployable ablative armor (1.5 centimeters)

Errata: Multipurpose pod attachment hardpoint on dorsal fuselage

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TECHNOLOGICAL PROFILE

Sheliak technology is at least as advanced as that of the Federation. There have been rumors that they possess superior weaponry, but this has never been displayed in battle or otherwise, and is only speculation at this point. The Sheliak Corporate have a large fleet of ships they use to patrol their territory, which is a free area inside the territorial boundaries of the Federation itself. Deep scans indicate that the Sheliak have at least fifty fully developed worlds within their space and are aggressively terraforming many more.

It is know that their sensors are capable of penetrating cloaks and phasing cloaks -- there are no known stealth devices capable of eluding their sensors. Their shields are also known to be able to withstand a substantially greater level of damage than standard Federation shields. Sheliak transporters are capable of beaming through Federation shields at distances many times greater than anything Federation science can duplicate short of a quantum transporter.

There are some theories that the Sheliak possess a 'Genesis' style device for use with terraforming however, it could be deployed as a planet-wide weapon to eliminate life-forms already present on a selected planet.

That, unfortunately, is the extent of Federation knowledge of Sheliak technology.


USS Sheliak - History

Bring the Cruise Book to Life with this Multimedia Presentation

This CD will exceed your Expectations

A great part of naval history.

You would be purchasing an exact copy of the USS Sheliak AKA 62 cruise book during World War II. Each page has been placed on a CD for years of enjoyable computer viewing. The CD comes in a plastic sleeve with a custom label. Every page has been enhanced and is readable. Rare cruise books like this sell for a hundred dollars or more when buying the actual hard copy if you can find one for sale.

This would make a great gift for yourself or someone you know who may have served aboard her. Usually only ONE person in the family has the original book. The CD makes it possible for other family members to have a copy also. You will not be disappointed we guarantee it.

Some of the items in this book are as follows:

  • Launching and commissioning the ship
  • Three detailed pages of cruise activities
  • Divisional group photos with names
  • Departmental job descriptions
  • Liberty call
  • Crew roster (Name and home addresses)

Over 50 pictures and the ships story told on 34 pages.

Once you view this CD you will know what life was like on this attack cargo ship during World War II.


Contents

1943� [ edit | edit source ]

Centaurus put to sea from Norfolk, Virginia on 11 December 1943 with cargo for Pearl Harbor, where she arrived 30 December. On 22 January 1944, she cleared with the Southern Attack Force, bound for Kwajalein Atoll in the Marshall Islands, off which she arrived 31 January. During the initial assault, she landed four waves of cargo-laden craft under the protective fire of Pennsylvania (BB-38) with a smoothness belying her newness at amphibious warfare, and until 5 February she remained off the atoll landing combat cargo to support troops ashore as they encountered stiffening opposition. She returned to Noumea for training and cargo duty until 31 March, when she sailed from Tulagi to carry men and cargo to Manus and proceeded to Langemak Bay, New Guinea. Here she loaded for the landings on northern New Guinea, and on 15 April put to sea in the second assault echelon for Aitape. While her landings here on 23 April were unopposed, difficult surf and beach conditions challenged her skill. After several brief voyages to other New Guinea ports to transport reinforcements to the Hollandia area, Centaurus sailed for amphibious exercises in the Solomon Islands.

From 3 June to 30 June 1944, she was at sea as part of the reserve force standing by during the invasion of the Marianas, and then returned to Eniwetok to prepare for the return of U.S. forces to Guam. She sailed on 17 July in the Southern Attack Force for this assault, and on 21 July, the day of the initial attack, began landing combat cargo on the difficult beaches near Agat, where the Japanese army offered stiff resistance. She completed offloading cargo and vehicles, and embarking casualties, a week later, when she cleared for Eniwetok.

After a brief overhaul at Espiritu Santo, Centaurus sailed to Guadalcanal to embark cargo and vehicles for the assault on the Palau Islands, for which she cleared 8 September. At Peleliu on 15 September 1944 she began landing her cargo as heavy opposition developed from the Japanese defenses, cleverly concealed. A fierce fight developed ashore for the Marines, and Centaurus remained off the island pouring ashore the equipment essential to the maintenance of the offensive. Taking on board casualties and prisoners of war, she also carried Marines when she cleared on 4 October for the Russell Islands, where all passengers were disembarked. She continued on to San Francisco, where from 25 October to 22 December she was in overhaul.

1945� [ edit | edit source ]

Centaurus returned to the Pacific by way of Guam, and after rehearsal landings in the Solomons, joined the Northern Attack Force for the invasion of Okinawa, with which she sailed from Ulithi 27 March 1945. Arriving off the island for the assault on 1 April, she began to discharge cargo at an ever-quickening pace, as she supported the first rapid advances of the 6th Marines across the island. Operations went smoothly despite heavy kamikaze attacks her guns helped splash two. She cleared Okinawa 9 April for Pearl Harbor, where she loaded additional cargo for the Okinawa operation. Returning to Okinawa 3 June, she offloaded, and on 14 June sailed for mainland United States via Pearl Harbor, and between 19 July and 23 August was in after overhaul at Seattle. She returned to the Far East and operated in the redeployment of troops. On 31 January 1946 she returned to Seattle and thence to New York City, where she arrived on 23 March and was decommissioned 30 April 1946. She returned to the Maritime Commission 11 September 1946. On 24 February 1947 she was withdrawn from the Reserve Fleet and transferred to United States Lines. Ώ]

Centaurus received six battle stars for World War II service


Service history [ edit | edit source ]

Renamed La Salle on 6 April 1943, she left Port Hueneme, California, on 14 April with Seabees for Guadalcanal, returning to San Francisco on 10 July. On 7 August, she departed from Port Hueneme, California, carrying contingents of United States Navy Argus Units 7,8 and 9, the Ninth Special Construction Battalion and the Fifth Special Medical Unit all bound for operations in the South Pacific. From there she steamed to Wellington, New Zealand, arriving on 27 October. There and in the New Hebrides, she conducted simulated attacks and landing boat exercises with marines in preparation for the assault on Tarawa, for which she sailed on 13 November with Task Force 53. She arrived off the invasion beaches on 19 November, and was shelled by enemy shore batteries early the next morning, suffering no serious damage. She cleared Tarawa the 24th and steamed to San Diego, where she arrived on 13 December to prepare for the invasion of the Marshalls.

La Salle left the west coast on 13 January 1944 and arrived off Kwajalein eight days later to land men of the 4th Marine Division. La Salle left the atoll on 8 February for Pearl Harbor, then later made several reinforcement movements.

From Pearl Harbor she sailed on 11 May with troops for the invasion of the Marianas, arriving on D-Day, 15 June to witness the pre-invasion bombardment before landing her marines. She retired from the battle zone on 23 June and reached Pearl Harbor on 24 July. She then proceeded to Guadalcanal in August where rehearsals for the capture of the Palaus ended on 8 September. She arrived off the Palaus on 15 September and made a feinting attack to keep enemy troops occupied in the northern islands during the attack on Peleliu itself. She landed her troops on the beaches of Angaur the 17th and departed on 23 September for Manus, where she embarked 1,373 troops of the Army 1st Cavalry Division for the Leyte invasion.

La Salle reached the northern transport area off Leyte on 20 October, and all troops and cargo were ashore by nightfall. She retired to the Palaus and then to Guam, where she embarked reinforcements for transport to San Pedro Bay on 23 November. The vessel next loaded 934 troops at Sansapor, New Guinea, and sailed on 30 December for Luzon. On the morning of her departure, she assisted in shooting down an enemy "Jake". She unloaded on 9 January at Lingayen Gulf, and then returned to Leyte.

On 29 January 1945 she arrived off Luzon to discharge 731 troops in order to block Japanese retirement into the Bataan Peninsula. She departed the same day and put into San Pedro Bay on 1 February to prepare for the invasion of Okinawa, off which she arrived from Ulithi on 11 April. She fought off heavy suicide attacks during the next five days, and retired unscathed on 16 April, steaming for Guam and a Seattle overhaul.

Between September 1945 and June 1946, La Salle made four "Magic Carpet" voyages, and one passage in January to deliver occupation troops to Yokosuka. She decommissioned at Seattle on 24 July 1946 and was returned to the Maritime Commission the following day.


Contents

World War II, 1944� [ edit | edit source ]

After shakedown in Chesapeake Bay, the new attack cargo ship departed Norfolk, Virginia, for Hawaii on 13 October 1944, arriving at Pearl Harbor on 4 November. After a month of training off Maui, Hawaii, Leo steamed for Port Hueneme, California, arrived on 12 December, loaded cargo, and returned to Pearl Harbor on Christmas Eve.

After a month of intensive amphibious training, Leo steamed on 27 January 1945 for the assault on Iwo Jima with Amphibious TF㺳 under Vice Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner. After brief calls at Eniwetok and Saipan, the ship arrived off the beaches of Iwo early morning, D-Day, 19 February. Debarking her troops the first hour, Leo then offloaded her high-priority cargo of trucks, fresh water, and ammunition into boats alongside. For the next nine days, the ship evacuated casualties and continued sending crucial war material ashore. Steaming to the Marianas from Kwajalein, the ship prepared for the Okinawa landing. She departed Saipan on 27 March with Rear Admiral Wright's Demonstration Force for simulated landings on the southeastern beaches of Okinawa. Arriving at dawn on 1 April, the demonstration group received more attention from Japanese aircraft than did the actual landing group.

About 0550 on 1 April a Japanese kamikaze crashed into Hinsdale (APA-120), killing 24 and wounding 21. Completing her mission, Leo sent all her LCVPs to Hinsdale to pick up survivors, after which she retired for night steaming. The next three days Leo moved in and out from the southeast beaches as a decoy, drawing fire from the shore. She was detached from Admiral Wright's group on 4 April and steamed for transport area "Baker" and an actual landing off the northern beaches of Okinawa. Arriving the next day, she transferred Hinsdale survivors to a hospital ship and commenced offloading cargo.

Gunfire from the ship's starboard 40 mm mount destroyed a low-flying Japanese aircraft as it swooped down on the formation the afternoon of 6 April. Despite constant air raids, Leo offloaded all cargo by 14 April and steamed that afternoon for Ulithi, towing Hinsdale. They arrived on 23 April. She departed for Saipan on 25 April and through the rest of the war transported cargo between the Marianas and the Solomons. She completed two voyages from Saipan via Guam to Guadalcanal and Tulagi.

Departing Guam on 26 August, she steamed for Manila, arrived on 1 September, and loaded troops and equipment of the 43rd Division, 8th Army, designated for occupation duty in Japan. Arriving on 15 September off Yokosuka, Leo debarked the Army troops, loaded troops and equipment of the 6th Marine Division, rode out a typhoon until the 18th, and departed next day for Tsingtao, China. She arrived Tsingtao, which was headquarters for U.S. naval forces in the western Pacific after World War II, and had put the marines ashore by 18 October.

Inter-war period, 1945� [ edit | edit source ]

Leo steamed for Manila and arrived on 23 October. After a fast cargo run to Hai Phong, French Indochina, Leo departed the Orient on 10 November and arrived Puget Sound 15 days later. Until the outbreak of the Korean War, Leo operated with the Naval Transportation Service in the Pacific.

Korean War, 1950� [ edit | edit source ]

After the North Koreans invaded South Korea Leo steamed from San Francisco for Sasebo, Japan, with ammunition for the 7th Fleet. She arrived Japan on 19 September 1950 and supplied ammunition to ships deploying to Korean waters. The AKA steamed for Korea on 9 November with ammunition, stores, and mail for the ships engaged in the siege of Wonsan. Departing on 14 November, she returned to Sasebo for ten days and then left for San Francisco on 19 December.

She was again underway for Sasebo on 9 January 1951, and she spent that year operating between Japan and Korea. She arrived Sasebo on 27 January, rearmed ships there, then steamed for Korea on 10 March and replenished ships at Pusan, Pohang, and Wonsan.

Because of the buildup of heavy combatants off Korea and the logistical demands attendant to keeping them on the line, Leo operated between Sasebo and various rendezvous points in the Sea of Japan for the next nine months. Logistical problems diminished as Leo and her sister ships practiced night underway replenishment techniques. By 25 January 1952, when Leo departed Sasebo for San Francisco, the logistics team was able to replenish a fast carrier task force in only nine hours.

Upon arrival San Francisco on 9 February, Leo underwent overhaul and then steamed to Alaska on a cargo run during July and August. Between 7 October and 8 December she carried cargo from Oakland to Eniwetok. Leo also served as a transport for "Operation Ivy", a series of American nuclear tests conducted at Eniwetak, Kwajalein, and Bikini Atoll in November 1952. Ώ] As a unit of the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) the ship made three more voyages to the Eastern Asian coast plus another run to Alaska during the next two years.

Decommissioning and sale [ edit | edit source ]

Leo steamed from Oakland to Long Beach on 15 October 1954 where she was decommissioned on 11 February 1955 and transferred to the Pacific Reserve Fleet, San Diego. Subsequently transferred to the Maritime Administration, her name was struck from the Navy List on 1 July 1960 and she entered the National Defense Reserve Fleet at Suisun Bay, California. On 19 July 1976 Leo was sold for scrap. ΐ]


Contents

1945� [ edit | edit source ]

With less than a month's training behind her, Mathews departed Norfolk on 8 April 1945 for the Pacific with military cargo and passengers. Stopping briefly in Hawaii for further training, she steamed on to Eniwetok and Ulithi, arriving at the latter on 21 June. On 10 July, with Army passengers and equipment on board, she sailed for Okinawa, which had recently been secured after 82 days of fighting. Mathews entered Hagushi Bay on 14 July, remaining until the 22nd when she departed for Ulithi. From there she carried cargo to Guadalcanal and Guam. While en route to the latter, she received word of Japan's unconditional surrender.

Proceeding to the Philippines from Guam, she began ferrying occupation troops to the American zone of Korea and for the next 2½ months she operated between Lingayen Gulf and Jinsen, Korea. On 19 November, her passenger accommodations filled with returning veterans, she departed Korea for the United States, arriving Norfolk on 23 December. She remained on the east coast until 2 October 1946, when she sailed for San Francisco and deactivation. Arriving on 26 October, she decommissioned there on 4 April 1947 and was turned over to the Maritime Commission at Suisun Bay.

1951� [ edit | edit source ]

Reacquired by the Navy in 1951, Mathews recommissioned on 16 February 1952 and reported for duty with the Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet, on 17 March. After training at Long Beach she sailed for the Pribilof Islands, on a resupply assignment on 1 July returning with a cargo of seal products. A year later, on 1 July 1953, the attack cargo ship got underway for Korea where she transported prisoners–of–war, primarily Chinese, from Koje-do to Inchon, the port of exchange. Returning to Long Beach on 23 April 1954, Mathews trained along the west coast through 1955. These operations were interrupted only by another resupply mission to Pribilof, from which she again returned with a cargo of valuable seal products.

In 1966, Mathews again deployed with the 7th Fleet. Assigned to that fleet's amphibious force 12 January–4 October, she participated in squadron and fleet exercises from Japan to the Philippines, joining in the Black Ship Festival at Shimoda on 17 to 21 May. During 1957, Mathews was involved for the most part in amphibious training operations along the coast of Southern California. She made WestPac deployments in 1958, 1959, and 1960, again resupplying Pribiloff after her 1958 cruise. 1961 saw Mathews operating off the west coast.

On 22 January 1962, Mathews once again departed for duty with the 7th Fleet. Towards the end of her tour, as Communist insurgency in Laos continued to threaten Thailand, she was called on to transport Marines and cargo support elements of the 3rd Marine Division from Okinawa to Bangkok. Arriving on 9 June, her passengers and cargo added strength to the 1,800 marines landed on 16 May, at the request of the Thai government, and positioned defensively in the north.

Mathews returned to Long Beach on 30 July, but within three months was again called on to aid in the thwarting of Communist military plans. In late October, as the crisis over the USSR's establishment of missile bases on Cuba mounted, Mathews was attached to the Atlantic Fleet and throughout the quarantine period operated with amphibious groups in the Caribbean, returning to California on 16 December.

Her annual deployments to WestPac since 1962 further involved the ship in anti–Communist activities. In 1963–64, she served a month, mid–December to mid–January, as a unit of the Amphibious Ready Group at Subic Bay. During June, July, and August, 1965, she shuttled troops and cargo from Okinawa to Da Nang and Chu Lai, South Vietnam, and in October, Republic of Korea Army units from Pusan, Korea, to Qui Nhơn. She arrived back at Long Beach on 2 December only to depart again on 10 January 1966 for Okinawa with Marine artillery elements embarked, returning to California in March.

On 2 May, Mathews got underway for her third western Pacific deployment in 370 days, with Marine engineers on board en route to Chu Lai. She then shuttled between Subic Bay, Da Nang, and Huế, before departing for Yokosuka and Long Beach, arriving there on 23 July and engaging in amphibious, tactical and engineering exercises for the remainder of the year.

After operations on the west coast through the first half of 1967. Mathews sailed for the Far East on 21 July 1967 to resume her role in the struggle against Communist aggression in Vietnam. She remained in the western Pacific into 1968, sailing for the west coast on 4 February with calls at Okinawa, Yokosuka, and Pearl Harbor before reaching Long Beach on 19 March. After operating off the California coast for the next seven months, Mathews put into San Diego on 14 October.

Decommissioning and sale [ edit | edit source ]

She decommissioned at San Diego on 31 October 1968, and was struck from the Navy List on 1 November 1968. She was sold for scrap in 1969.


This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.

Achernar · African Dawn · African Star · African Sun · Alshain · Andromeda · Ann McKim · Appalachian · Aquarius · Archer · Argonaut · Asterion · Belle of the West · Black Prince · Blue Ridge · Carrier Dove · Carrier Pigeon · Celestial · Centaurus · Cepheus · Chara · Comet · Coringa · Crest of the Wave · Dashing Wave · Defiance · Diphda · Eagle Wing · Expounder · Flyaway · Flying Arrow · Flying Cloud · Flying Mist · Flying Yankee · Gauntlet · Golden City · Golden Gate · Golden Light · Golden Racer · Golden West · Herald of the Morning · Highflier · Hotspur · Hurricane · James Baines · John Land · Leo · Lookout · Mandarin · Marquette · Mary Whitridge · Mathews · Merrick · Messenger (1942) · Messenger (1946) · Meteor · Mischief · Monarch of the Seas · Montague · Morning Light · Mountain Wave · Muliphen · National Eagle · Neptune's Car · Nonpareil · Northern Light · Ocean Rover · Ocean Telegraph · Oglethorpe · Oriental · Pampero · Queen of the Seas · Rainbow · Red Rover · Ringleader · Robin Hood · Rocky Mount · Rolette · Santa Barbara · Santa Catalina · Santa Cecilia · Santa Margarita · Santa Maria · Sheliak · Sovereign of the Seas · Sparkling Wave · Spitfire (1943) · Spitfire (1946) · Theenim · Thuban · Titan · Twilight (1942) · Twilight (1946) · Typhoon · Virgo · War Hawk · Water Witch · West Wind · Westward Ho · Whirlwind · White Swallow · Whitley · Wideawake · Wild Pigeon · Wild Ranger · Wild Rover · Wild Wave · Winged Arrow · Wings of the Morning · Winston · Wyandot · Yancey · Young America

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