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Halloween's Origins

Halloween's Origins


Post-Roman Additions

The Christian priests tried to replace the ‘Pagan’ festivities with their own celebrations. All Souls’ Day on November 2 was a day for the living to pray for the dead, and November 1 was All Saints’ Day or All Hallows, which made October 31 an All Hallows Eve.

In ancient Ireland, people used to carve turnips, beets, and potatoes to make them look like demons. They lit them from inside with candles to make them visible and placed them on their doorsteps and windows, hoping to keep the evil spirits away from their homes and welcome their dead loved ones. When Irish settlers came to America, they found pumpkins to be a better alternative to turnips.

In England and Ireland, people later started a tradition called ‘mumming.’ People wandered the streets with food, gifts, and treats for the spirits but later started to go around asking for food themselves. In the 1700s, single women started associating apples with love like the Romans and would compete at bobbing apples to be married soon.

The conventional Halloween we celebrate today in America took its shape when a number of Irish settlers came here due to the potato famine. The prevalent Halloween customs and traditions of America, Ireland, and the UK combined together, and the Halloween we know today was born. The ways we celebrate the occasion might have changed, but all the elements can be traced back, giving you the unique origins of Halloween.

Riley is a history, lifestyle, and entertainment writer living in San Diego. He received his bachelor's degree in Journalism and Multimedia from the University of Oregon. His work has been featured in many finance and lifestyle publications throughout the US. When he is not writing, Riley enjoys reading and hanging out at the beach with his dog.


History of Trick-or-Treating

Borrowing from European traditions, Americans began to dress up in costumes and go house to house asking for food or cash, a practice that eventually became today’s “trick-or-treat” tradition. Young ladies believed that on Hallowe’en they may divine the name or look of their future husband by doing tricks with yarn, apple parings or mirrors. In the late 1800s, there was a move in America to mould Hallowe’en into a vacation a lot of regarding community and friendly get-togethers than regarding ghosts, pranks and black art. At the flip of the century, Hallowe’en parties for each kid and adults became the foremost common thanks to celebrate the day. Parties targeted on games, foods of the season and festive costumes. Parents were inspired by newspapers and community leaders to take something “frightening” or “grotesque” out of Hallowe’en celebrations. owing to these efforts, Hallowe’en lost most of its irrational and spiritual overtones by the start of the 20th century.


Halloween Origins: The History of Halloween

The origins of Halloween have been around for a while, but the day went by several names and traditions before settling on the popular trick-or-treating holiday we know today. The origins can be traced back to the Celtic festival, Samhain. This holiday was the Celtic end-of-the-year, after their harvest and before the winter months came. It was meant as a time to reflect on life and death, including those who were lost over the past year. Samhain was held on November 1st and the evening before the festival was known as All Hallows Eve, which would eventually be called Halloween.

The supernatural superstitions and ideals of the holiday mark back to the time of the Celts. It was believed that the real world and the afterworld merged the evening before the new year, causing spirits to roam on earth. Due to this spiritualism, the Celtic people would try to foresee the future with the help of the dead. The Celtics also burned bonfires in commemoration of the day, something that would be associated with the autumn holiday for years.

By 1000 A.D., the pagan Celtic holiday was eventually morphed into All Saints’ Day. It is believed that this was Christianity’s attempt to make the traditional holiday suit the Christian religion that a lot of Celts converted to. All Saints’ Day was created to celebrate the Christian martyrs and saints and another new holiday, All Souls’ Day, was for praying for the souls of the dead. This went off the life and death ideal of All Hallows Eve. This new celebration was held in similar ways as the pagan festival, such as still using bonfires. It was this Christian holiday that would later be rebranded as Halloween.


  • The Celts, who lived 2,000 years ago in the area that is now Ireland, the United Kingdom, and northern France, celebrated their new year on November 1.
  • This day marked the end of summer and the harvest and the beginning of the dark, cold winter. Winter was the time of year that was often associated with human death. Celts believed that on the night before the new year, the boundary between the worlds of the living and the dead became blurred. Meaning spirits often roamed with earth with humans.
  • On the night of October 31, they celebrated Samhain, when it was believed that the ghosts of the dead returned to earth.
  • Celts thought that the presence of the otherworldly spirits made it easier for the Druids, or Celtic priests, to make predictions about the future. For a people entirely dependent on the volatile natural world, these prophecies were an important source of comfort and direction during the long, dark winter.
  • To commemorate the event, Druids built huge sacred bonfires, where the people gathered to burn crops and animals as sacrifices to the Celtic deities.
  • The Celts wore costumes, typically consisting of animal heads and skins, and attempted to tell each other’s fortunes. The costumes were said to help keep their human identities unknown to the spirits roaming the earth.
  • When the celebration was over, they re-lit their hearth fires, which they had extinguished earlier that evening, from the sacred bonfire to help protect them during the coming winter.
  • By A.D. 43, Romans had conquered the majority of Celtic territory. In the course of the four hundred years that they ruled the Celtic lands, two festivals of Roman origin were combined with the traditional Celtic celebration of Samhain.
  • The first was Feralia, a day in late October when the Romans traditionally commemorated the passing of the dead.
  • The second was a day to honor Pomona, the Roman goddess of fruit and trees. The symbol of Pomona is the apple and the incorporation of this celebration into Samhain seems to explain the tradition of “bobbing” for apples that is practiced in modern day Halloween celebrations.
  • By the 800s, the influence of Christianity had spread into Celtic lands. In the seventh century, Pope Boniface IV designated November 1 All Saints’ Day, a time to honor saints and martyrs. It is widely believed today that the pope was attempting to replace the Celtic festival of the dead with a related, but church-sanctioned holiday.
  • The celebration was also called All-hallows or All-hallowmas (from Middle English Alholowmesse meaning All Saints’ Day) and the night before it, the night of Samhain, began to be called All-hallows Eve and, eventually, Halloween.
  • Even later, in A.D. 1000, the church would make November 2 All Souls’ Day, a day to honor the dead. It was celebrated similarly to Samhain, with big bonfires, parades, and dressing up in costumes as saints, angels, and devils.
  • Together, the three celebrations, the eve of All Saints’, All Saints’, and All Souls’, were called Hallowmas.

It seems the origin of Halloween, dating back to Celtic rituals thousands of years ago, has long been associated with images of witches, ghosts, devils and hobgoblins. Over the years, Halloween customs and traditions have changed dramatically. Today, many children and adults alike, take a more light-spirited approach. Kids dress up in scary monster costumes or the signature outfit of the latest and greatest superhero while babies don little peapod costumes as they go door to door for treats. Scary haunted houses take temporary residence at malls and in basements and pumpkins are carved to be put out on our porch (check out our Little Known Pumpkin Facts and Trivia). All in the hopes that we get more Treats than Tricks for our All-hallows Eve.

Looking for more information on origin of Halloween? Check out our Halloween Trivia Tidbits article for some great Halloween facts!


The History and Origin of Halloween

Halloween as it is celebrated these days is but a pale representation of its rich and multicultural history. It is not, as some would call it, a celebration of the Devil or of Hell or of the Damned, but rather a blending of the celebrations marking the end of the growing season, a heralding of the coming of the winter months and folk traditions that told of the day when the veil between the living and the dead, ever a transparent, gossamer veil at that, would lift and ghosts and ghouls would walk among the living. From those many traditions, coming to us from the Celts, the Roman rituals and even Catholic tradition, we get the stirrings of what would eventually become Halloween.

Back in the Old Days

Back in the old days, or once upon a time, in the tradition of fairy tales, there were the Celtic people and their Druid priests. The Druids were believed to have the ability, among other skills, to commune with the dead. Their powers, it was rumored, were much more powerful on the day of Samhain (pronounced sow-en), which was the last day of the year in the Celtic calendar. But, before believing that the Halloween celebration came directly from Samhain, a day mistakenly attributed directly to the Wiccans rather than to the Celts, you must understand that it is a blend of Hallowmas, a celebration of Catholic origins, as well as the Roman festival called Feralia.

On the day of Samhain, the Celtic people would all extinguish their home’s hearth fire. They would gather in front of a blessed bonfire and would sing, dance and listen to the stories that were told during the celebration. At the end of the evening, each person would take some of the bonfire home to relight their heart fire in hopes of ensuring good fortune to their home and family for the coming year. It is said that if your hearth fire would not light from the sacred bonfire, misfortune, even death, would befall someone in the house that very year.

By the 19 th century, most of the religious aspects of the Halloween celebration had dwindled away and it was mostly a secular holiday, a gathering of community with only some of the remnants of the past clinging to it like the cobwebs of a haunted house. People would still dress up in costume, but less for the original reason of confusing the dead and more for just plain entertainment and fun.

Halloween Travels to the New World

European immigrants brought many of their traditions and beliefs with them to the New World, even those that were sometimes frowned upon or scoffed at. Halloween itself was largely disallowed, even forbidden, but in Maryland, the tradition was not only allowed but encouraged. The people there held what they called “play parties” where they would take turns telling each other’s fortunes, dancing, singing and telling ghost stories. The children would dress in costumes and try to scare one another as well.

The Irish immigrants came to the new world in great masses, fleeing from the Potato Famine that was starving them to death, and brought with them the Halloween tradition of going door to door looking for sweets and other treats. The tradition of trick or treating is still a favorite among little children today.

The Witchcraft, Halloween Connection

There are still many, especially among fundamentalist Christians, who believe that Halloween is nothing more than a celebration of paganism and witchcraft because of some of the traditions that are involved. It was thought that on Halloween night, a young woman could determine who her future spouse would be by staring into a mirror in a darkened room or by peeling an apple in one long strip and then casting the peel over her shoulder. Other traditions involved baking small coins and trinkets as well as a single, plain ring into a barm brack, a type of fruit cake that would be shared among the neighbors. If you got a trinket in your piece – that was your fate for the coming year, with the person who got the ring destined to wed.

Counteracting Halloween

While the Catholic Church bears no ill will toward the Halloween traditions and the holiday itself, there are some Christian churches who say that it encourages witchcraft and may even lead to Satanism. These churches hold “Hell Houses” meant to scare children and young adults away from the traditions and to lead them back to the church. Some of these churches even hand out pamphlets and religious tracts on Halloween night to be found when the children go through their candy.

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Halloween Background: The Christian Impact

Truly, the long and rich history of how Christians paved their way towards Halloween is impressive. They had many challenges from pagan aficionados to royal commands. But, they succeeded still. We no longer follow the original Halloween background with human sacrifices and pagan practices. From here, we can see some of the Christian impacts on Halloween:

Prayer

Now, countries like Mexico, Spain, and the Philippines pray to God during Halloween. For countries like this, they participate in Eucharistic celebrations in honor of praising God and praying for those heading towards Him. This is the most evident factor Christians imposed on the Halloween culture.

Paying Visits to the Cemetery

Pagan origins include the burning of bonfires and such. But with the influence of Christianity, many countries see this as a moment to visit their departed loved ones in cemeteries. For example, Poland celebrates the Dzień Zaduszny (All Souls Day) by offering prayers to their relatives and friends. This celebration is then followed by requiem mass for the souls of the dead on the second day.

Culture and Christianity

Because of Christianity’s impact, other countries began mixing the Christian Halloween traditions with their own culture. Two of the greatest examples would be the Día de Los Muertos in Mexico and other Latin American countries and the Pangangaluluwa of the Philippines. These two annual celebrations retain their culture by participating in their dances, fundraisers, and local hymns. At the same time, they pray to the Lord as an offering for their departed loved ones. For countries like these, the pagan intent of Halloween is almost entirely gone. The dominant tone of Halloween is leading towards Christianity.

What History Tells Us

With this information, as Christians, how should we criticize the original Halloween background? Should today’s Christian take on the celebration validate Halloween as a Christian celebration? Actually, we can never take out the pagan context of Halloween. It has been and it will always stay. However, we can choose to celebrate it for its Christian roots. Some cultures and households celebrate Halloween as a sign of gratitude towards the innovative and brave Christians who found a loophole into shaping it as to what it is today. Above all, whatever we choose to celebrate or to involve ourselves in should never take God’s orders out of the context. Still, we have to be careful of our actions but it is always good to know that there is a hint of Christianity in Halloween.


History of Halloween

History of Halloween, like any other festival's history is inspired through traditions that have transpired through ages from one generation to another. We follow them mostly as did our dads and grandpas. And as this process goes on, much of their originality get distorted with newer additions and alterations. It happens so gradually, spanning over so many ages, that we hardly come to know about these distortions. At one point of time it leaves us puzzled, with its multicolored faces. Digging into its history helps sieve out the facts from the fantasies which caught us unaware. Yet, doubts still lurk deep in our soul, especially when the reality differs from what has taken a deep seated root into our beliefs. The history of Halloween Day, as culled from the net, is being depicted here in this light. This is to help out those who are interested in washing off the superficial hues to reach the core and know things as they truly are. 'Trick or treat' may be an innocent fun to relish on the Halloween Day. But just think about a bunch of frightening fantasies and the scary stories featuring ghosts, witches, monsters, evils, elves and animal sacrifices associated with it. They are no more innocent. Are these stories a myth or there is a blend of some reality? Come and plunge into the halloween history to unfurl yourself the age-old veil of mysticism draped around it.

Behind the name, Halloween, or the Hallow E'en as they call it in Ireland, means All Hallows Eve, or the night before the 'All Hallows', also called 'All Hallowmas', or 'All Saints', or 'All Souls' Day, observed on November 1. In old English the word 'Hallow' meant 'sanctify'. Roman Catholics, Episcopalians and Lutherians used to observe All Hallows Day to honor all Saints in heaven, known or unknown. They used to consider it with all solemnity as one of the most significant observances of the Church year. And Catholics, all and sundry, was obliged to attend Mass. The Romans observed the holiday of Feralia, intended to give rest and peace to the departed. Participants made sacrifices in honor of the dead, offered up prayers for them, and made oblations to them. The festival was celebrated on February 21, the end of the Roman year. In the 7th century, Pope Boniface IV introduced All Saints' Day to replace the pagan festival of the dead. It was observed on May 13. Later, Gregory III changed the date to November 1. The Greek Orthodox Church observes it on the first Sunday after Pentecost. Despite this connection with the Roman Church, the American version of Halloween Day celebration owes its origin to the ancient (pre-Christian) Druidic fire festival called "Samhain", celebrated by the Celts in Scotland, Wales and Ireland. Samhain is pronounced "sow-in", with "sow" rhyming with cow. In Ireland the festival was known as Samhein, or La Samon, the Feast of the Sun. In Scotland, the celebration was known as Hallowe'en. In Welsh it's Nos Galen-gaeof (that is, the Night of the Winter Calends. According to the Irish English dictionary published by the Irish Texts Society: "Samhain, All Hallowtide, the feast of the dead in Pagan and Christian times, signalizing the close of harvest and the initiation of the winter season, lasting till May, during which troops (esp. the Fiann) were quartered. Faeries were imagined as particularly active at this season. From it the half year is reckoned. also called Feile Moingfinne (Snow Goddess).(1) The Scottish Gaelis Dictionary defines it as "Hallowtide. The Feast of All Soula. Sam + Fuin = end of summer."(2) Contrary to the information published by many organizations, there is no archaeological or literary evidence to indicate that Samhain was a deity. The Celtic Gods of the dead were Gwynn ap Nudd for the British, and Arawn for the Welsh. The Irish did not have a "lord of death" as such. Thus most of the customs connected with the Day are remnants of the ancient religious beliefs and rituals, first of the Druids and then transcended amongst the Roman Christians who conquered them.

History of Jack-o-Lantern:

Carve a Jack-o-Lantern yourself to make a Halloween pumpkin

This is based on an old Irish legend about the drunk, Jack. One day he was out in the woods and tricked Satan into a tree to throw down some fruit. Once Satan had helped him he carved a cross into the tree and trapped him there. He then struck a deal that Satan would leave his soul alone when he died. This backfired when he died since heaven would not take him either. When he kept bothering the Devil to let him in the Devil gave him a burning ember instead. He carried the ember in a hollowed out turnip (sometimes described as rotton) to light his way as he wandered through eternal darkness on the earth. Eventually this was replaced with the pumpkin in America and became the modern Jack-o-Lantern

Jack-o-lantern - the genesis

According to Rees & Rees, the folks who were abroad in the night imitating the fairies would some- times carry turnips carved to represent faces. This is the origin of our modern Jack-o-lantern. It became popular as house decorations in the United States after immigrant Irish discovered how much easier pumpkins were to carve than turnips, unleashing what has turned into quite an art form in the last decade or so. This later assumed a spooky touch, especially when the glowing faces appear from the darkness.

This halloween, carve a Jack-O-Lantern Yourself , and say Boo !

Carving Tips

Select a pumpkin that is ripe, has no bruises, cuts or nicks. Do not carry a pumpkin by its stem it may break, and do not bruise it as it will not last as long. For easy cleanup, place your pumpkin on several layers of newspaper before carving. Kids: have a parent or other adult cut a circle around the stem of the pumpkin for you. They should use a sharp knife with long, sturdy blade for best and safest results. Or, you can do it yourself with a safer, plastic "pumpkin carving" knife available at many supermarkets during the pumpkin season. Parents: knives are very sharp, so make sure that the proper supervision is maintained when the children carve their pumpkins.

Make sure the hole is large enough to reach in and pull out the seeds and stringy membrane. The bottom of the pumpkin could also be cut off instead, this will allow the pumpkin to sit up straight and make removing the seeds easier! When cleaning out the pumpkin, use and old soup ladle to get out the seeds. Try carving a giant pumpkin, it is easier to carve than a regular pumpkin.

Examine your pumpkin to determine the best place to carve his or her face. Draw an outline of a face on a plain sheet of white paper (use simple bold features) (You can save any of the images given below, and then print it out for ready help), Tape your paper to the pumpkin where you want the face to be. Score the design onto the pumpkin by punching through the paper into the pumpkin with a large nail or pin.

Carefully cut out the design following the holes that were "punched" with your plastic knife. When you are finished cutting, simply push out the pieces to view the final results. Fix some lights inside. Now you're all set to light up your home on Halloween night! Have Fun!

History of Halloween Witches

The Witches Caldron
"Eye of newt, and toe of frog,
Wool of bat, and tongue of dog"
"Adder's fork, and blind-worm's sting,
Lizard's leg, and owlet's wing"

"For a charm of powerful trouble,
Like a hell-broth boil and babble"

"Double, double, toil and trouble,
Fire burn, and caldron bubble"

Witches have had a long history with Halloween. Legends tell of witches gathering twice a year when the seasons changed, on April 30 - the eve of May Day and the other was on the eve of October 31 - All Hallow's Eve.

The witches would gather on these nights, arriving on broomsticks, to celebrate a party hosted by the devil. Superstitions told of witches casting spells on unsuspecting people, transform themselves into different forms and causing other magical mischief.

It was said that to meet a witch you had to put your clothes on wrong side out and you had to walk backwards on Halloween night. Then at midnight you would see a witch.

When the early settlers came to America, they brought along their belief in witches. In American the legends of witches spread and mixed with the beliefs of others, the Native Americans - who also believed in witches, and then later with the black magic beliefs of the African slaves.

The black cat has long been associated with witches. Many superstitions have evolved about cats. It was believed that witches could change into cats. Some people also believed that cats were the spirits of the dead.

One of the best known superstitions is that of the black cat. If a black cat was to cross your path you would have to turn around and go back because many people believe if you continued bad luck would strike you.

Samhain

Halloween, the foremost and momentous holiday of the Celtic year, was also popularly known as Samhain or Sah-ween. According to the belief of Celts, the ghosts of the dead populace could easily and effortlessly mingle with the living citizens at this particular time of the year. It was believed that at that point of time the souls of the dead men/women moved to the other world. All of them who had died were honored by lighting the bonfires. Huge crowd congregated to sacrifice fruits, vegetables and even animals to aid them on their journey to the different world. It was also important to satisfy the dead souls as they could not come close to the living individuals.

Get to know how Samhain Became Halloween

Once upon a time Christian missionaries attempted to alter the spiritual observances and practices of the Celtic people and from that time the Halloween became Samhain. Before Christian missionaries such as St Patrick and St. Columcille decided to convert the religion of Celts to Christianity, Celts used to practice and perform their religion ornately through their priestly cast, the Druids who were intellectual people and were writers, priests, scientists and scholars at the same time.

Pope Gregory the First

The Christians worked really hard to wipe out the pagan holidays such as Samhain. They were successful and triumphant to transform it. It was 601 A.D. when the Pope Gregory the first had issued a renowned proclamation to the missionaries on native convictions and conventions of the people who were enlisted for religion conversions. The Pope Gregory the First didn’t try to eradicate the mores and beliefs of the natives but very wisely he ordered his missionaries to use them. As an example, if a spiritual batch of people worshipped a tree, he didn’t instruct his missionaries to cut the tree down. Like an experienced and wise person he gave an opinion to consecrate the tree to Christ and allowed the devotees to worship it.

The approach was praiseworthy and innovative. It helped missionaries a lot to spread the Christianity. Purposefully and intentionally those Church holidays were coincided with the native holidays. Christmas date was arbitrarily assigned on 25th December. It was also a mid-winter celebration day for many people. Similarly, St. John's Day had corresponded to the summer solstice.

Good or Evil

Missionaries astutely and intelligently identified their holidays and holidays of the Celts. The supernatural deities of Celts were marked as evil and missionaries had linked those with the Devils. The Celtic gangland inexorably became recognized with the Christian Hell and torment.

The intention was to weaken the convictions of the earlier religion. However, missionaries didn’t want to exterminate the beliefs on the Almighty. Celts used to believe in mystical creatures and power. The Church just redefined the meaning. It was a deliberate attempt to let Celts know that those supernatural creatures are not hazardous and definitely malicious.

Banquet of All Saints

November 1st was the day when Christian fest was organized. The feast day came into the picture to replace and substitute Samhain. Gradually all the traditional and customary deities of Celts were diminished. Later on it became fairy or leprechaun.

Halloween history is one of religious traditions, sacrifices and folklore. While it seems strange to understand the motivation of these ancient actions, it is good to know the roots of our current practices of Halloween.


The 'Little People'

Celtic tales are full of heroic warriors and mystical gods. They are also the origin of Halloween's (and Ireland's) preoccupation with the 'little people'.

Academics have concluded that the little people were, originally, the pagan gods of Ireland who lost their significance and, metaphorically, their stature, when Christianity arrived.

Despite their reduced state and retirement to the Underworld as fairies, a memory of their magical powers held fast in the imagination of the people. Here lies the origin of Halloween's dark side.

There are two main groups of fairy: the  trooping fairies  who are, for the most part, friendly and have healing powers, and the  solitary fairy  who causes mischief and is quick to anger.

Among the specific terrors of Halloween were the ਏomorians  who believed they had a right to take back to the Otherworld their share of fresh milk, grains and live children.

The  Leprechaun  is the best known of the latter group. Find out more about the diminutive shoemakers.

The fairy most connected with the origin of Halloween is the  Puca  (pronounced Pooka) who is decidedly malevolent and capable of assuming any shape. The puca is particularly adept at taking animal shapes, especially horses, so riders beware on Halloween – your 'steed' may not be under your control!

The  Banshee  is another fairy, always female, who warns of approaching death by letting loose a terrible, eerie wail (the Banshee scream) that is guaranteed to send a shiver down the spine of those that hear it. If you hear the cry of the Banshee of Ireland, you should look out for a funeral carriage pulled by a headless horse.


Halloween Origin. The History of Halloween

Halloween is an annual holiday celebrated every year on 31st October. Its origin can be traced back to the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain (ˈsɑːwɪn) which marked the end of summer, the harvest season and the beginning of the cold, dark winters of Northern Europe. They associated the new season with death as this is when they believed ghosts of the dead would visit the earth. To ward off these ghosts, people would light bonfires and wear costumes.

The Romans incorporated most of the traditional Celtic lands of Europe into their Empire. Along with land, they adapted two Roman festivals, Feralia and the day of the Goddess Pomona, and combined them with Samhain. Feralia was the Roman Day of the Dead and Pomona was the Goddess of trees and fruit. Her symbol was the apple, which is thought to be the origin of the Halloween game of bobbing for apples.

In the Eighth century A.D, Pope Gregory III designated 1st November as the day to honor all the saints. All Saints Day incorporated some of the traditions of Samhain. The evening before All Saints Day was known as All Hallows Eve, and later Halloween. Over time, Halloween evolved into a day for activities like costume parties, lantern-carving and trick-or-treating.

When the first European settlers came to North America, they brought their Halloween traditions with them. In New England, these celebrations were repressed because of the rigid Protestant belief systems but were much more common in the southern colonies and Maryland. European Halloween customs combined with Native American traditions like “play parties,” where people would gather to dance and sing and share stories about their dead ancestors. By the middle of the Twentieth Century, Halloween had become a secular, community-centered holiday.

The Fifties was Baby Boom, time which meant there were lots of young children around and the centuries old tradition of “trick or treating” was revived as a way for children to be included in the Halloween celebrations.

Fact: Today, Americans spend an estimated $6 billion annually on Halloween, making it the country’s second largest commercial holiday after Christmas.


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